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Elixir Cross Referencer

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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
 * Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <signal.h>

#include <rte_common.h>
#include <rte_byteorder.h>
#include <rte_log.h>
#include <rte_memory.h>
#include <rte_memcpy.h>
#include <rte_eal.h>
#include <rte_launch.h>
#include <rte_atomic.h>
#include <rte_spinlock.h>
#include <rte_cycles.h>
#include <rte_prefetch.h>
#include <rte_lcore.h>
#include <rte_per_lcore.h>
#include <rte_branch_prediction.h>
#include <rte_interrupts.h>
#include <rte_random.h>
#include <rte_debug.h>
#include <rte_ether.h>
#include <rte_ethdev.h>
#include <rte_mempool.h>
#include <rte_mbuf.h>
#include <rte_ip.h>
#include <rte_tcp.h>
#include <rte_udp.h>
#include <rte_string_fns.h>

#define APP_LOOKUP_EXACT_MATCH          0
#define APP_LOOKUP_LPM                  1
#define DO_RFC_1812_CHECKS

//#define APP_LOOKUP_METHOD             APP_LOOKUP_EXACT_MATCH
#ifndef APP_LOOKUP_METHOD
#define APP_LOOKUP_METHOD             APP_LOOKUP_LPM
#endif

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_EXACT_MATCH)
#include <rte_hash.h>
#elif (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_LPM)
#include <rte_lpm.h>
#else
#error "APP_LOOKUP_METHOD set to incorrect value"
#endif

#define RTE_LOGTYPE_L3FWD RTE_LOGTYPE_USER1

#define MEMPOOL_CACHE_SIZE 256

/*
 * This expression is used to calculate the number of mbufs needed depending on user input, taking
 *  into account memory for rx and tx hardware rings, cache per lcore and mtable per port per lcore.
 *  RTE_MAX is used to ensure that NB_MBUF never goes below a minimum value of 8192
 */

#define NB_MBUF RTE_MAX	(						\
				(nb_ports*nb_rx_queue*nb_rxd +		\
				nb_ports*nb_lcores*MAX_PKT_BURST +	\
				nb_ports*n_tx_queue*nb_txd +		\
				nb_lcores*MEMPOOL_CACHE_SIZE),		\
				(unsigned)8192)

#define MAX_PKT_BURST 32
#define BURST_TX_DRAIN_US 100 /* TX drain every ~100us */

#define NB_SOCKETS 8

#define SOCKET0 0

/* Configure how many packets ahead to prefetch, when reading packets */
#define PREFETCH_OFFSET	3

/*
 * Configurable number of RX/TX ring descriptors
 */
#define RTE_TEST_RX_DESC_DEFAULT 1024
#define RTE_TEST_TX_DESC_DEFAULT 1024
static uint16_t nb_rxd = RTE_TEST_RX_DESC_DEFAULT;
static uint16_t nb_txd = RTE_TEST_TX_DESC_DEFAULT;

/* ethernet addresses of ports */
static struct rte_ether_addr ports_eth_addr[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];

/* mask of enabled ports */
static uint32_t enabled_port_mask = 0;
static int numa_on = 1; /**< NUMA is enabled by default. */

struct mbuf_table {
	uint16_t len;
	struct rte_mbuf *m_table[MAX_PKT_BURST];
};

struct lcore_rx_queue {
	uint16_t port_id;
	uint8_t queue_id;
} __rte_cache_aligned;

#define MAX_RX_QUEUE_PER_LCORE 16
#define MAX_TX_QUEUE_PER_PORT 1
#define MAX_RX_QUEUE_PER_PORT 1

#define MAX_LCORE_PARAMS 1024
struct lcore_params {
	uint16_t port_id;
	uint8_t queue_id;
	uint8_t lcore_id;
} __rte_cache_aligned;

static struct lcore_params lcore_params_array[MAX_LCORE_PARAMS];
static struct lcore_params lcore_params_array_default[] = {
	{0, 0, 2},
	{0, 1, 2},
	{0, 2, 2},
	{1, 0, 2},
	{1, 1, 2},
	{1, 2, 2},
	{2, 0, 2},
	{3, 0, 3},
	{3, 1, 3},
};

static struct lcore_params * lcore_params = lcore_params_array_default;
static uint16_t nb_lcore_params = sizeof(lcore_params_array_default) /
				sizeof(lcore_params_array_default[0]);

static struct rte_eth_conf port_conf = {
	.rxmode = {
		.mq_mode	= ETH_MQ_RX_RSS,
		.max_rx_pkt_len = RTE_ETHER_MAX_LEN,
		.split_hdr_size = 0,
		.offloads = DEV_RX_OFFLOAD_CHECKSUM,
	},
	.rx_adv_conf = {
		.rss_conf = {
			.rss_key = NULL,
			.rss_hf = ETH_RSS_IP,
		},
	},
	.txmode = {
		.mq_mode = ETH_MQ_TX_NONE,
	},
};

static struct rte_mempool * pktmbuf_pool[NB_SOCKETS];


#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_EXACT_MATCH)

#ifdef RTE_ARCH_X86
#include <rte_hash_crc.h>
#define DEFAULT_HASH_FUNC       rte_hash_crc
#else
#include <rte_jhash.h>
#define DEFAULT_HASH_FUNC       rte_jhash
#endif

struct ipv4_5tuple {
	uint32_t ip_dst;
	uint32_t ip_src;
	uint16_t port_dst;
	uint16_t port_src;
	uint8_t proto;
} __attribute__((__packed__));

struct l3fwd_route {
	struct ipv4_5tuple key;
	uint8_t if_out;
};

static struct l3fwd_route l3fwd_route_array[] = {
	{{RTE_IPV4(100,10,0,1), RTE_IPV4(200,10,0,1), 101, 11, IPPROTO_TCP}, 0},
	{{RTE_IPV4(100,20,0,2), RTE_IPV4(200,20,0,2), 102, 12, IPPROTO_TCP}, 1},
	{{RTE_IPV4(100,30,0,3), RTE_IPV4(200,30,0,3), 103, 13, IPPROTO_TCP}, 2},
	{{RTE_IPV4(100,40,0,4), RTE_IPV4(200,40,0,4), 104, 14, IPPROTO_TCP}, 3},
};

typedef struct rte_hash lookup_struct_t;
static lookup_struct_t *l3fwd_lookup_struct[NB_SOCKETS];

#define L3FWD_HASH_ENTRIES	1024
struct rte_hash_parameters l3fwd_hash_params = {
	.name = "l3fwd_hash_0",
	.entries = L3FWD_HASH_ENTRIES,
	.key_len = sizeof(struct ipv4_5tuple),
	.hash_func = DEFAULT_HASH_FUNC,
	.hash_func_init_val = 0,
	.socket_id = SOCKET0,
};

#define L3FWD_NUM_ROUTES \
	(sizeof(l3fwd_route_array) / sizeof(l3fwd_route_array[0]))

static uint8_t l3fwd_out_if[L3FWD_HASH_ENTRIES] __rte_cache_aligned;
#endif

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_LPM)
struct l3fwd_route {
	uint32_t ip;
	uint8_t  depth;
	uint8_t  if_out;
};

static struct l3fwd_route l3fwd_route_array[] = {
	{RTE_IPV4(1,1,1,0), 24, 0},
	{RTE_IPV4(2,1,1,0), 24, 1},
	{RTE_IPV4(3,1,1,0), 24, 2},
	{RTE_IPV4(4,1,1,0), 24, 3},
	{RTE_IPV4(5,1,1,0), 24, 4},
	{RTE_IPV4(6,1,1,0), 24, 5},
	{RTE_IPV4(7,1,1,0), 24, 6},
	{RTE_IPV4(8,1,1,0), 24, 7},
};

#define L3FWD_NUM_ROUTES \
	(sizeof(l3fwd_route_array) / sizeof(l3fwd_route_array[0]))

#define L3FWD_LPM_MAX_RULES     1024

typedef struct rte_lpm lookup_struct_t;
static lookup_struct_t *l3fwd_lookup_struct[NB_SOCKETS];
#endif

struct lcore_conf {
	uint16_t n_rx_queue;
	struct lcore_rx_queue rx_queue_list[MAX_RX_QUEUE_PER_LCORE];
	uint16_t tx_queue_id;
	struct mbuf_table tx_mbufs[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];
	lookup_struct_t * lookup_struct;
} __rte_cache_aligned;

static struct lcore_conf lcore_conf[RTE_MAX_LCORE];
static rte_spinlock_t spinlock_conf[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS] = {RTE_SPINLOCK_INITIALIZER};
/* Send burst of packets on an output interface */
static inline int
send_burst(struct lcore_conf *qconf, uint16_t n, uint16_t port)
{
	struct rte_mbuf **m_table;
	int ret;
	uint16_t queueid;

	queueid = qconf->tx_queue_id;
	m_table = (struct rte_mbuf **)qconf->tx_mbufs[port].m_table;

	rte_spinlock_lock(&spinlock_conf[port]);
	ret = rte_eth_tx_burst(port, queueid, m_table, n);
	rte_spinlock_unlock(&spinlock_conf[port]);

	if (unlikely(ret < n)) {
		do {
			rte_pktmbuf_free(m_table[ret]);
		} while (++ret < n);
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Enqueue a single packet, and send burst if queue is filled */
static inline int
send_single_packet(struct rte_mbuf *m, uint16_t port)
{
	uint32_t lcore_id;
	uint16_t len;
	struct lcore_conf *qconf;

	lcore_id = rte_lcore_id();

	qconf = &lcore_conf[lcore_id];
	len = qconf->tx_mbufs[port].len;
	qconf->tx_mbufs[port].m_table[len] = m;
	len++;

	/* enough pkts to be sent */
	if (unlikely(len == MAX_PKT_BURST)) {
		send_burst(qconf, MAX_PKT_BURST, port);
		len = 0;
	}

	qconf->tx_mbufs[port].len = len;
	return 0;
}

#ifdef DO_RFC_1812_CHECKS
static inline int
is_valid_ipv4_pkt(struct rte_ipv4_hdr *pkt, uint32_t link_len)
{
	/* From http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc1812.txt section 5.2.2 */
	/*
	 * 1. The packet length reported by the Link Layer must be large
	 * enough to hold the minimum length legal IP datagram (20 bytes).
	 */
	if (link_len < sizeof(struct rte_ipv4_hdr))
		return -1;

	/* 2. The IP checksum must be correct. */
	/* this is checked in H/W */

	/*
	 * 3. The IP version number must be 4. If the version number is not 4
	 * then the packet may be another version of IP, such as IPng or
	 * ST-II.
	 */
	if (((pkt->version_ihl) >> 4) != 4)
		return -3;
	/*
	 * 4. The IP header length field must be large enough to hold the
	 * minimum length legal IP datagram (20 bytes = 5 words).
	 */
	if ((pkt->version_ihl & 0xf) < 5)
		return -4;

	/*
	 * 5. The IP total length field must be large enough to hold the IP
	 * datagram header, whose length is specified in the IP header length
	 * field.
	 */
	if (rte_cpu_to_be_16(pkt->total_length) < sizeof(struct rte_ipv4_hdr))
		return -5;

	return 0;
}
#endif

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_EXACT_MATCH)
static void
print_key(struct ipv4_5tuple key)
{
	printf("IP dst = %08x, IP src = %08x, port dst = %d, port src = %d, proto = %d\n",
	       (unsigned)key.ip_dst, (unsigned)key.ip_src, key.port_dst, key.port_src, key.proto);
}

static inline uint16_t
get_dst_port(struct rte_ipv4_hdr *ipv4_hdr, uint16_t portid,
	      lookup_struct_t *l3fwd_lookup_struct)
{
	struct ipv4_5tuple key;
	struct rte_tcp_hdr *tcp;
	struct rte_udp_hdr *udp;
	int ret = 0;

	key.ip_dst = rte_be_to_cpu_32(ipv4_hdr->dst_addr);
	key.ip_src = rte_be_to_cpu_32(ipv4_hdr->src_addr);
	key.proto = ipv4_hdr->next_proto_id;

	switch (ipv4_hdr->next_proto_id) {
	case IPPROTO_TCP:
		tcp = (struct rte_tcp_hdr *)((unsigned char *) ipv4_hdr +
					sizeof(struct rte_ipv4_hdr));
		key.port_dst = rte_be_to_cpu_16(tcp->dst_port);
		key.port_src = rte_be_to_cpu_16(tcp->src_port);
		break;

	case IPPROTO_UDP:
		udp = (struct rte_udp_hdr *)((unsigned char *) ipv4_hdr +
					sizeof(struct rte_ipv4_hdr));
		key.port_dst = rte_be_to_cpu_16(udp->dst_port);
		key.port_src = rte_be_to_cpu_16(udp->src_port);
		break;

	default:
		key.port_dst = 0;
		key.port_src = 0;
	}

	/* Find destination port */
	ret = rte_hash_lookup(l3fwd_lookup_struct, (const void *)&key);
	return ((ret < 0) ? portid : l3fwd_out_if[ret]);
}
#endif

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_LPM)
static inline uint32_t
get_dst_port(struct rte_ipv4_hdr *ipv4_hdr, uint16_t portid,
	      lookup_struct_t *l3fwd_lookup_struct)
{
	uint32_t next_hop;

	return ((rte_lpm_lookup(l3fwd_lookup_struct,
		rte_be_to_cpu_32(ipv4_hdr->dst_addr), &next_hop) == 0) ?
		next_hop : portid);
}
#endif

static inline void
l3fwd_simple_forward(struct rte_mbuf *m, uint16_t portid,
		      lookup_struct_t *l3fwd_lookup_struct)
{
	struct rte_ether_hdr *eth_hdr;
	struct rte_ipv4_hdr *ipv4_hdr;
	void *tmp;
	uint16_t dst_port;

	eth_hdr = rte_pktmbuf_mtod(m, struct rte_ether_hdr *);

	ipv4_hdr = rte_pktmbuf_mtod_offset(m, struct rte_ipv4_hdr *,
					   sizeof(struct rte_ether_hdr));

#ifdef DO_RFC_1812_CHECKS
	/* Check to make sure the packet is valid (RFC1812) */
	if (is_valid_ipv4_pkt(ipv4_hdr, m->pkt_len) < 0) {
		rte_pktmbuf_free(m);
		return;
	}
#endif

	dst_port = get_dst_port(ipv4_hdr, portid, l3fwd_lookup_struct);
	if (dst_port >= RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS || (enabled_port_mask & 1 << dst_port) == 0)
		dst_port = portid;

	/* 02:00:00:00:00:xx */
	tmp = &eth_hdr->d_addr.addr_bytes[0];
	*((uint64_t *)tmp) = 0x000000000002 + ((uint64_t)dst_port << 40);

#ifdef DO_RFC_1812_CHECKS
	/* Update time to live and header checksum */
	--(ipv4_hdr->time_to_live);
	++(ipv4_hdr->hdr_checksum);
#endif

	/* src addr */
	rte_ether_addr_copy(&ports_eth_addr[dst_port], &eth_hdr->s_addr);

	send_single_packet(m, dst_port);

}

/* main processing loop */
static int
main_loop(__attribute__((unused)) void *dummy)
{
	struct rte_mbuf *pkts_burst[MAX_PKT_BURST];
	unsigned lcore_id;
	uint64_t prev_tsc, diff_tsc, cur_tsc;
	int i, j, nb_rx;
	uint8_t queueid;
	uint16_t portid;
	struct lcore_conf *qconf;
	const uint64_t drain_tsc = (rte_get_tsc_hz() + US_PER_S - 1) / US_PER_S * BURST_TX_DRAIN_US;

	prev_tsc = 0;

	lcore_id = rte_lcore_id();
	qconf = &lcore_conf[lcore_id];

	if (qconf->n_rx_queue == 0) {
		RTE_LOG(INFO, L3FWD, "lcore %u has nothing to do\n", lcore_id);
		return 0;
	}

	RTE_LOG(INFO, L3FWD, "entering main loop on lcore %u\n", lcore_id);

	for (i = 0; i < qconf->n_rx_queue; i++) {

		portid = qconf->rx_queue_list[i].port_id;
		queueid = qconf->rx_queue_list[i].queue_id;
		RTE_LOG(INFO, L3FWD, " --lcoreid=%u portid=%u rxqueueid=%hhu\n",
		lcore_id, portid, queueid);
	}

	while (1) {

		cur_tsc = rte_rdtsc();

		/*
		 * TX burst queue drain
		 */
		diff_tsc = cur_tsc - prev_tsc;
		if (unlikely(diff_tsc > drain_tsc)) {

			/*
			 * This could be optimized (use queueid instead of
			 * portid), but it is not called so often
			 */
			for (portid = 0; portid < RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS; portid++) {
				if (qconf->tx_mbufs[portid].len == 0)
					continue;
				send_burst(&lcore_conf[lcore_id],
					qconf->tx_mbufs[portid].len,
					portid);
				qconf->tx_mbufs[portid].len = 0;
			}

			prev_tsc = cur_tsc;
		}

		/*
		 * Read packet from RX queues
		 */
		for (i = 0; i < qconf->n_rx_queue; ++i) {

			portid = qconf->rx_queue_list[i].port_id;
			queueid = qconf->rx_queue_list[i].queue_id;
			nb_rx = rte_eth_rx_burst(portid, queueid, pkts_burst, MAX_PKT_BURST);

			/* Prefetch first packets */
			for (j = 0; j < PREFETCH_OFFSET && j < nb_rx; j++) {
				rte_prefetch0(rte_pktmbuf_mtod(
						pkts_burst[j], void *));
			}

			/* Prefetch and forward already prefetched packets */
			for (j = 0; j < (nb_rx - PREFETCH_OFFSET); j++) {
				rte_prefetch0(rte_pktmbuf_mtod(pkts_burst[
						j + PREFETCH_OFFSET], void *));
				l3fwd_simple_forward(pkts_burst[j], portid, qconf->lookup_struct);
			}

			/* Forward remaining prefetched packets */
			for (; j < nb_rx; j++) {
				l3fwd_simple_forward(pkts_burst[j], portid, qconf->lookup_struct);
			}
		}
	}
}

static int
check_lcore_params(void)
{
	uint8_t queue, lcore;
	uint16_t i;
	int socketid;

	for (i = 0; i < nb_lcore_params; ++i) {
		queue = lcore_params[i].queue_id;
		if (queue >= MAX_RX_QUEUE_PER_PORT) {
			printf("invalid queue number: %hhu\n", queue);
			return -1;
		}
		lcore = lcore_params[i].lcore_id;
		if (!rte_lcore_is_enabled(lcore)) {
			printf("error: lcore %hhu is not enabled in lcore mask\n", lcore);
			return -1;
		}
		if ((socketid = rte_lcore_to_socket_id(lcore) != 0) &&
			(numa_on == 0)) {
			printf("warning: lcore %hhu is on socket %d with numa off \n",
				lcore, socketid);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
check_port_config(void)
{
	unsigned portid;
	uint16_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < nb_lcore_params; ++i) {
		portid = lcore_params[i].port_id;
		if ((enabled_port_mask & (1 << portid)) == 0) {
			printf("port %u is not enabled in port mask\n", portid);
			return -1;
		}
		if (!rte_eth_dev_is_valid_port(portid)) {
			printf("port %u is not present on the board\n", portid);
			return -1;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

static uint8_t
get_port_n_rx_queues(const uint16_t port)
{
	int queue = -1;
	uint16_t i;

	for (i = 0; i < nb_lcore_params; ++i) {
		if (lcore_params[i].port_id == port && lcore_params[i].queue_id > queue)
			queue = lcore_params[i].queue_id;
	}
	return (uint8_t)(++queue);
}

static int
init_lcore_rx_queues(void)
{
	uint16_t i, nb_rx_queue;
	uint8_t lcore;

	for (i = 0; i < nb_lcore_params; ++i) {
		lcore = lcore_params[i].lcore_id;
		nb_rx_queue = lcore_conf[lcore].n_rx_queue;
		if (nb_rx_queue >= MAX_RX_QUEUE_PER_LCORE) {
			printf("error: too many queues (%u) for lcore: %u\n",
				(unsigned)nb_rx_queue + 1, (unsigned)lcore);
			return -1;
		} else {
			lcore_conf[lcore].rx_queue_list[nb_rx_queue].port_id =
				lcore_params[i].port_id;
			lcore_conf[lcore].rx_queue_list[nb_rx_queue].queue_id =
				lcore_params[i].queue_id;
			lcore_conf[lcore].n_rx_queue++;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

/* display usage */
static void
print_usage(const char *prgname)
{
	printf ("%s [EAL options] -- -p PORTMASK"
		"  [--config (port,queue,lcore)[,(port,queue,lcore]]\n"
		"  -p PORTMASK: hexadecimal bitmask of ports to configure\n"
		"  --config (port,queue,lcore): rx queues configuration\n"
		"  --no-numa: optional, disable numa awareness\n",
		prgname);
}

/* Custom handling of signals to handle process terminal */
static void
signal_handler(int signum)
{
	uint16_t portid;

	/* When we receive a SIGINT signal */
	if (signum == SIGINT) {
		RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(portid) {
			/* skip ports that are not enabled */
			if ((enabled_port_mask & (1 << portid)) == 0)
				continue;
			rte_eth_dev_close(portid);
		}
	}
	rte_exit(EXIT_SUCCESS, "\n User forced exit\n");
}
static int
parse_portmask(const char *portmask)
{
	char *end = NULL;
	unsigned long pm;

	/* parse hexadecimal string */
	pm = strtoul(portmask, &end, 16);
	if ((portmask[0] == '\0') || (end == NULL) || (*end != '\0'))
		return -1;

	if (pm == 0)
		return -1;

	return pm;
}

static int
parse_config(const char *q_arg)
{
	char s[256];
	const char *p, *p0 = q_arg;
	char *end;
	enum fieldnames {
		FLD_PORT = 0,
		FLD_QUEUE,
		FLD_LCORE,
		_NUM_FLD
	};
	unsigned long int_fld[_NUM_FLD];
	char *str_fld[_NUM_FLD];
	int i;
	unsigned size;

	nb_lcore_params = 0;

	while ((p = strchr(p0,'(')) != NULL) {
		++p;
		if((p0 = strchr(p,')')) == NULL)
			return -1;

		size = p0 - p;
		if(size >= sizeof(s))
			return -1;

		snprintf(s, sizeof(s), "%.*s", size, p);
		if (rte_strsplit(s, sizeof(s), str_fld, _NUM_FLD, ',') != _NUM_FLD)
			return -1;
		for (i = 0; i < _NUM_FLD; i++){
			errno = 0;
			int_fld[i] = strtoul(str_fld[i], &end, 0);
			if (errno != 0 || end == str_fld[i] || int_fld[i] > 255)
				return -1;
		}
		if (nb_lcore_params >= MAX_LCORE_PARAMS) {
			printf("exceeded max number of lcore params: %hu\n",
				nb_lcore_params);
			return -1;
		}
		lcore_params_array[nb_lcore_params].port_id = int_fld[FLD_PORT];
		lcore_params_array[nb_lcore_params].queue_id = (uint8_t)int_fld[FLD_QUEUE];
		lcore_params_array[nb_lcore_params].lcore_id = (uint8_t)int_fld[FLD_LCORE];
		++nb_lcore_params;
	}
	lcore_params = lcore_params_array;
	return 0;
}

/* Parse the argument given in the command line of the application */
static int
parse_args(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int opt, ret;
	char **argvopt;
	int option_index;
	char *prgname = argv[0];
	static struct option lgopts[] = {
		{"config", 1, 0, 0},
		{"no-numa", 0, 0, 0},
		{NULL, 0, 0, 0}
	};

	argvopt = argv;

	while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argvopt, "p:",
				lgopts, &option_index)) != EOF) {

		switch (opt) {
		/* portmask */
		case 'p':
			enabled_port_mask = parse_portmask(optarg);
			if (enabled_port_mask == 0) {
				printf("invalid portmask\n");
				print_usage(prgname);
				return -1;
			}
			break;

		/* long options */
		case 0:
			if (!strcmp(lgopts[option_index].name, "config")) {
				ret = parse_config(optarg);
				if (ret) {
					printf("invalid config\n");
					print_usage(prgname);
					return -1;
				}
			}

			if (!strcmp(lgopts[option_index].name, "no-numa")) {
				printf("numa is disabled \n");
				numa_on = 0;
			}
			break;

		default:
			print_usage(prgname);
			return -1;
		}
	}

	if (optind >= 0)
		argv[optind-1] = prgname;

	ret = optind-1;
	optind = 1; /* reset getopt lib */
	return ret;
}

static void
print_ethaddr(const char *name, const struct rte_ether_addr *eth_addr)
{
	char buf[RTE_ETHER_ADDR_FMT_SIZE];
	rte_ether_format_addr(buf, RTE_ETHER_ADDR_FMT_SIZE, eth_addr);
	printf("%s%s", name, buf);
}

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_EXACT_MATCH)
static void
setup_hash(int socketid)
{
	unsigned i;
	int ret;
	char s[64];

	/* create  hashes */
	snprintf(s, sizeof(s), "l3fwd_hash_%d", socketid);
	l3fwd_hash_params.name = s;
	l3fwd_hash_params.socket_id = socketid;
	l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid] = rte_hash_create(&l3fwd_hash_params);
	if (l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid] == NULL)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Unable to create the l3fwd hash on "
				"socket %d\n", socketid);

	/* populate the hash */
	for (i = 0; i < L3FWD_NUM_ROUTES; i++) {
		ret = rte_hash_add_key (l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid],
				(void *) &l3fwd_route_array[i].key);
		if (ret < 0) {
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Unable to add entry %u to the"
				"l3fwd hash on socket %d\n", i, socketid);
		}
		l3fwd_out_if[ret] = l3fwd_route_array[i].if_out;
		printf("Hash: Adding key\n");
		print_key(l3fwd_route_array[i].key);
	}
}
#endif

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_LPM)
static void
setup_lpm(int socketid)
{
	unsigned i;
	int ret;
	char s[64];

	struct rte_lpm_config lpm_ipv4_config;

	lpm_ipv4_config.max_rules = L3FWD_LPM_MAX_RULES;
	lpm_ipv4_config.number_tbl8s = 256;
	lpm_ipv4_config.flags = 0;

	/* create the LPM table */
	snprintf(s, sizeof(s), "L3FWD_LPM_%d", socketid);
	l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid] =
			rte_lpm_create(s, socketid, &lpm_ipv4_config);
	if (l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid] == NULL)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Unable to create the l3fwd LPM table"
				" on socket %d\n", socketid);

	/* populate the LPM table */
	for (i = 0; i < L3FWD_NUM_ROUTES; i++) {
		ret = rte_lpm_add(l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid],
			l3fwd_route_array[i].ip,
			l3fwd_route_array[i].depth,
			l3fwd_route_array[i].if_out);

		if (ret < 0) {
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Unable to add entry %u to the "
				"l3fwd LPM table on socket %d\n",
				i, socketid);
		}

		printf("LPM: Adding route 0x%08x / %d (%d)\n",
			(unsigned)l3fwd_route_array[i].ip,
			l3fwd_route_array[i].depth,
			l3fwd_route_array[i].if_out);
	}
}
#endif

static int
init_mem(unsigned nb_mbuf)
{
	struct lcore_conf *qconf;
	int socketid;
	unsigned lcore_id;
	char s[64];

	for (lcore_id = 0; lcore_id < RTE_MAX_LCORE; lcore_id++) {
		if (rte_lcore_is_enabled(lcore_id) == 0)
			continue;

		if (numa_on)
			socketid = rte_lcore_to_socket_id(lcore_id);
		else
			socketid = 0;

		if (socketid >= NB_SOCKETS) {
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Socket %d of lcore %u is out of range %d\n",
				socketid, lcore_id, NB_SOCKETS);
		}
		if (pktmbuf_pool[socketid] == NULL) {
			snprintf(s, sizeof(s), "mbuf_pool_%d", socketid);
			pktmbuf_pool[socketid] = rte_pktmbuf_pool_create(s,
				nb_mbuf, MEMPOOL_CACHE_SIZE, 0,
				RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_BUF_SIZE, socketid);
			if (pktmbuf_pool[socketid] == NULL)
				rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Cannot init mbuf pool on socket %d\n", socketid);
			else
				printf("Allocated mbuf pool on socket %d\n", socketid);

#if (APP_LOOKUP_METHOD == APP_LOOKUP_LPM)
			setup_lpm(socketid);
#else
			setup_hash(socketid);
#endif
		}
		qconf = &lcore_conf[lcore_id];
		qconf->lookup_struct = l3fwd_lookup_struct[socketid];
	}
	return 0;
}

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	struct lcore_conf *qconf;
	struct rte_eth_dev_info dev_info;
	struct rte_eth_txconf *txconf;
	int ret;
	unsigned nb_ports;
	uint16_t queueid, portid;
	unsigned lcore_id;
	uint32_t nb_lcores;
	uint16_t n_tx_queue;
	uint8_t nb_rx_queue, queue, socketid;

	signal(SIGINT, signal_handler);
	/* init EAL */
	ret = rte_eal_init(argc, argv);
	if (ret < 0)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Invalid EAL parameters\n");
	argc -= ret;
	argv += ret;

	/* parse application arguments (after the EAL ones) */
	ret = parse_args(argc, argv);
	if (ret < 0)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Invalid L3FWD-VF parameters\n");

	if (check_lcore_params() < 0)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "check_lcore_params failed\n");

	ret = init_lcore_rx_queues();
	if (ret < 0)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "init_lcore_rx_queues failed\n");

	nb_ports = rte_eth_dev_count_avail();

	if (check_port_config() < 0)
		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "check_port_config failed\n");

	nb_lcores = rte_lcore_count();

	/* initialize all ports */
	RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(portid) {
		struct rte_eth_conf local_port_conf = port_conf;

		/* skip ports that are not enabled */
		if ((enabled_port_mask & (1 << portid)) == 0) {
			printf("\nSkipping disabled port %d\n", portid);
			continue;
		}

		/* init port */
		printf("Initializing port %d ... ", portid );
		fflush(stdout);

		/* must always equal(=1) */
		nb_rx_queue = get_port_n_rx_queues(portid);
		n_tx_queue = MAX_TX_QUEUE_PER_PORT;

		printf("Creating queues: nb_rxq=%d nb_txq=%u... ",
			nb_rx_queue, (unsigned)1 );

		rte_eth_dev_info_get(portid, &dev_info);
		if (dev_info.tx_offload_capa & DEV_TX_OFFLOAD_MBUF_FAST_FREE)
			local_port_conf.txmode.offloads |=
				DEV_TX_OFFLOAD_MBUF_FAST_FREE;

		local_port_conf.rx_adv_conf.rss_conf.rss_hf &=
			dev_info.flow_type_rss_offloads;
		if (local_port_conf.rx_adv_conf.rss_conf.rss_hf !=
				port_conf.rx_adv_conf.rss_conf.rss_hf) {
			printf("Port %u modified RSS hash function based on hardware support,"
				"requested:%#"PRIx64" configured:%#"PRIx64"\n",
				portid,
				port_conf.rx_adv_conf.rss_conf.rss_hf,
				local_port_conf.rx_adv_conf.rss_conf.rss_hf);
		}

		ret = rte_eth_dev_configure(portid, nb_rx_queue,
					    n_tx_queue, &local_port_conf);
		if (ret < 0)
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Cannot configure device: err=%d, port=%d\n",
				ret, portid);

		ret = rte_eth_dev_adjust_nb_rx_tx_desc(portid, &nb_rxd,
						       &nb_txd);
		if (ret < 0)
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
				 "Cannot adjust number of descriptors: err=%d, port=%d\n",
				 ret, portid);

		rte_eth_macaddr_get(portid, &ports_eth_addr[portid]);
		print_ethaddr(" Address:", &ports_eth_addr[portid]);
		printf(", ");

		ret = init_mem(NB_MBUF);
		if (ret < 0)
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "init_mem failed\n");

		/* init one TX queue */
		socketid = (uint8_t)rte_lcore_to_socket_id(rte_get_master_lcore());

		printf("txq=%d,%d,%d ", portid, 0, socketid);
		fflush(stdout);

		txconf = &dev_info.default_txconf;
		txconf->offloads = local_port_conf.txmode.offloads;
		ret = rte_eth_tx_queue_setup(portid, 0, nb_txd,
						 socketid, txconf);
		if (ret < 0)
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "rte_eth_tx_queue_setup: err=%d, "
				"port=%d\n", ret, portid);

		printf("\n");
	}

	for (lcore_id = 0; lcore_id < RTE_MAX_LCORE; lcore_id++) {
		struct rte_eth_rxconf rxq_conf;

		if (rte_lcore_is_enabled(lcore_id) == 0)
			continue;
		qconf = &lcore_conf[lcore_id];
		qconf->tx_queue_id = 0;

		printf("\nInitializing rx queues on lcore %u ... ", lcore_id );
		fflush(stdout);
		/* init RX queues */
		for(queue = 0; queue < qconf->n_rx_queue; ++queue) {
			portid = qconf->rx_queue_list[queue].port_id;
			queueid = qconf->rx_queue_list[queue].queue_id;

			if (numa_on)
				socketid = (uint8_t)rte_lcore_to_socket_id(lcore_id);
			else
				socketid = 0;

			printf("rxq=%d,%d,%d ", portid, queueid, socketid);
			fflush(stdout);

			rte_eth_dev_info_get(portid, &dev_info);
			rxq_conf = dev_info.default_rxconf;
			rxq_conf.offloads = port_conf.rxmode.offloads;
			ret = rte_eth_rx_queue_setup(portid, queueid, nb_rxd,
						socketid, &rxq_conf,
						pktmbuf_pool[socketid]);
			if (ret < 0)
				rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "rte_eth_rx_queue_setup: err=%d,"
						"port=%d\n", ret, portid);
		}
	}
	printf("\n");

	/* start ports */
	RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(portid) {
		if ((enabled_port_mask & (1 << portid)) == 0) {
			continue;
		}
		/* Start device */
		ret = rte_eth_dev_start(portid);
		if (ret < 0)
			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "rte_eth_dev_start: err=%d, port=%d\n",
				ret, portid);

		printf("done: Port %d\n", portid);

	}

	/* launch per-lcore init on every lcore */
	rte_eal_mp_remote_launch(main_loop, NULL, CALL_MASTER);
	RTE_LCORE_FOREACH_SLAVE(lcore_id) {
		if (rte_eal_wait_lcore(lcore_id) < 0)
			return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}