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/*-
 *   BSD LICENSE
 *
 *   Copyright(c) 2010-2014 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *   Copyright 2014 6WIND S.A.
 *   All rights reserved.
 *
 *   Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *   modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *   are met:
 *
 *     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *       the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *       distribution.
 *     * Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its
 *       contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *       from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 *   "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
 *   A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 *   OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 *   SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 *   LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 *   DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 *   THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 *   (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 *   OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1990, 1993
 *      The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *      This product includes software developed by the University of
 *      California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *      @(#)in.h        8.3 (Berkeley) 1/3/94
 * $FreeBSD: src/sys/netinet/in.h,v 1.82 2003/10/25 09:37:10 ume Exp $
 */

#ifndef _RTE_IP_H_
#define _RTE_IP_H_

/**
 * @file
 *
 * IP-related defines
 */

#include <stdint.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>

#include <rte_memcpy.h>
#include <rte_byteorder.h>
#include <rte_mbuf.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/**
 * IPv4 Header
 */
struct ipv4_hdr {
	uint8_t  version_ihl;		/**< version and header length */
	uint8_t  type_of_service;	/**< type of service */
	uint16_t total_length;		/**< length of packet */
	uint16_t packet_id;		/**< packet ID */
	uint16_t fragment_offset;	/**< fragmentation offset */
	uint8_t  time_to_live;		/**< time to live */
	uint8_t  next_proto_id;		/**< protocol ID */
	uint16_t hdr_checksum;		/**< header checksum */
	uint32_t src_addr;		/**< source address */
	uint32_t dst_addr;		/**< destination address */
} __attribute__((__packed__));

/** Create IPv4 address */
#define IPv4(a,b,c,d) ((uint32_t)(((a) & 0xff) << 24) | \
					   (((b) & 0xff) << 16) | \
					   (((c) & 0xff) << 8)  | \
					   ((d) & 0xff))

/* Fragment Offset * Flags. */
#define	IPV4_HDR_DF_SHIFT	14
#define	IPV4_HDR_MF_SHIFT	13
#define	IPV4_HDR_FO_SHIFT	3

#define	IPV4_HDR_DF_FLAG	(1 << IPV4_HDR_DF_SHIFT)
#define	IPV4_HDR_MF_FLAG	(1 << IPV4_HDR_MF_SHIFT)

#define	IPV4_HDR_OFFSET_MASK	((1 << IPV4_HDR_MF_SHIFT) - 1)

#define	IPV4_HDR_OFFSET_UNITS	8

/*
 * IPv4 address types
 */
#define IPV4_ANY              ((uint32_t)0x00000000) /**< 0.0.0.0 */
#define IPV4_LOOPBACK         ((uint32_t)0x7f000001) /**< 127.0.0.1 */
#define IPV4_BROADCAST        ((uint32_t)0xe0000000) /**< 224.0.0.0 */
#define IPV4_ALLHOSTS_GROUP   ((uint32_t)0xe0000001) /**< 224.0.0.1 */
#define IPV4_ALLRTRS_GROUP    ((uint32_t)0xe0000002) /**< 224.0.0.2 */
#define IPV4_MAX_LOCAL_GROUP  ((uint32_t)0xe00000ff) /**< 224.0.0.255 */

/*
 * IPv4 Multicast-related macros
 */
#define IPV4_MIN_MCAST  IPv4(224, 0, 0, 0)          /**< Minimal IPv4-multicast address */
#define IPV4_MAX_MCAST  IPv4(239, 255, 255, 255)    /**< Maximum IPv4 multicast address */

#define IS_IPV4_MCAST(x) \
	((x) >= IPV4_MIN_MCAST && (x) <= IPV4_MAX_MCAST) /**< check if IPv4 address is multicast */

/**
 * @internal Calculate a sum of all words in the buffer.
 * Helper routine for the rte_raw_cksum().
 *
 * @param buf
 *   Pointer to the buffer.
 * @param len
 *   Length of the buffer.
 * @param sum
 *   Initial value of the sum.
 * @return
 *   sum += Sum of all words in the buffer.
 */
static inline uint32_t
__rte_raw_cksum(const void *buf, size_t len, uint32_t sum)
{
	/* workaround gcc strict-aliasing warning */
	uintptr_t ptr = (uintptr_t)buf;
	const uint16_t *u16 = (const uint16_t *)ptr;

	while (len >= (sizeof(*u16) * 4)) {
		sum += u16[0];
		sum += u16[1];
		sum += u16[2];
		sum += u16[3];
		len -= sizeof(*u16) * 4;
		u16 += 4;
	}
	while (len >= sizeof(*u16)) {
		sum += *u16;
		len -= sizeof(*u16);
		u16 += 1;
	}

	/* if length is in odd bytes */
	if (len == 1)
		sum += *((const uint8_t *)u16);

	return sum;
}

/**
 * @internal Reduce a sum to the non-complemented checksum.
 * Helper routine for the rte_raw_cksum().
 *
 * @param sum
 *   Value of the sum.
 * @return
 *   The non-complemented checksum.
 */
static inline uint16_t
__rte_raw_cksum_reduce(uint32_t sum)
{
	sum = ((sum & 0xffff0000) >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);
	sum = ((sum & 0xffff0000) >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);
	return (uint16_t)sum;
}

/**
 * Process the non-complemented checksum of a buffer.
 *
 * @param buf
 *   Pointer to the buffer.
 * @param len
 *   Length of the buffer.
 * @return
 *   The non-complemented checksum.
 */
static inline uint16_t
rte_raw_cksum(const void *buf, size_t len)
{
	uint32_t sum;

	sum = __rte_raw_cksum(buf, len, 0);
	return __rte_raw_cksum_reduce(sum);
}

/**
 * Process the IPv4 checksum of an IPv4 header.
 *
 * The checksum field must be set to 0 by the caller.
 *
 * @param ipv4_hdr
 *   The pointer to the contiguous IPv4 header.
 * @return
 *   The complemented checksum to set in the IP packet.
 */
static inline uint16_t
rte_ipv4_cksum(const struct ipv4_hdr *ipv4_hdr)
{
	uint16_t cksum;
	cksum = rte_raw_cksum(ipv4_hdr, sizeof(struct ipv4_hdr));
	return ((cksum == 0xffff) ? cksum : ~cksum);
}

/**
 * Process the pseudo-header checksum of an IPv4 header.
 *
 * The checksum field must be set to 0 by the caller.
 *
 * Depending on the ol_flags, the pseudo-header checksum expected by the
 * drivers is not the same. For instance, when TSO is enabled, the IP
 * payload length must not be included in the packet.
 *
 * When ol_flags is 0, it computes the standard pseudo-header checksum.
 *
 * @param ipv4_hdr
 *   The pointer to the contiguous IPv4 header.
 * @param ol_flags
 *   The ol_flags of the associated mbuf.
 * @return
 *   The non-complemented checksum to set in the L4 header.
 */
static inline uint16_t
rte_ipv4_phdr_cksum(const struct ipv4_hdr *ipv4_hdr, uint64_t ol_flags)
{
	struct ipv4_psd_header {
		uint32_t src_addr; /* IP address of source host. */
		uint32_t dst_addr; /* IP address of destination host. */
		uint8_t  zero;     /* zero. */
		uint8_t  proto;    /* L4 protocol type. */
		uint16_t len;      /* L4 length. */
	} psd_hdr;

	psd_hdr.src_addr = ipv4_hdr->src_addr;
	psd_hdr.dst_addr = ipv4_hdr->dst_addr;
	psd_hdr.zero = 0;
	psd_hdr.proto = ipv4_hdr->next_proto_id;
	if (ol_flags & PKT_TX_TCP_SEG) {
		psd_hdr.len = 0;
	} else {
		psd_hdr.len = rte_cpu_to_be_16(
			(uint16_t)(rte_be_to_cpu_16(ipv4_hdr->total_length)
				- sizeof(struct ipv4_hdr)));
	}
	return rte_raw_cksum(&psd_hdr, sizeof(psd_hdr));
}

/**
 * Process the IPv4 UDP or TCP checksum.
 *
 * The IPv4 header should not contains options. The IP and layer 4
 * checksum must be set to 0 in the packet by the caller.
 *
 * @param ipv4_hdr
 *   The pointer to the contiguous IPv4 header.
 * @param l4_hdr
 *   The pointer to the beginning of the L4 header.
 * @return
 *   The complemented checksum to set in the IP packet.
 */
static inline uint16_t
rte_ipv4_udptcp_cksum(const struct ipv4_hdr *ipv4_hdr, const void *l4_hdr)
{
	uint32_t cksum;
	uint32_t l4_len;

	l4_len = rte_be_to_cpu_16(ipv4_hdr->total_length) -
		sizeof(struct ipv4_hdr);

	cksum = rte_raw_cksum(l4_hdr, l4_len);
	cksum += rte_ipv4_phdr_cksum(ipv4_hdr, 0);

	cksum = ((cksum & 0xffff0000) >> 16) + (cksum & 0xffff);
	cksum = (~cksum) & 0xffff;
	if (cksum == 0)
		cksum = 0xffff;

	return cksum;
}

/**
 * IPv6 Header
 */
struct ipv6_hdr {
	uint32_t vtc_flow;     /**< IP version, traffic class & flow label. */
	uint16_t payload_len;  /**< IP packet length - includes sizeof(ip_header). */
	uint8_t  proto;        /**< Protocol, next header. */
	uint8_t  hop_limits;   /**< Hop limits. */
	uint8_t  src_addr[16]; /**< IP address of source host. */
	uint8_t  dst_addr[16]; /**< IP address of destination host(s). */
} __attribute__((__packed__));

/**
 * Process the pseudo-header checksum of an IPv6 header.
 *
 * Depending on the ol_flags, the pseudo-header checksum expected by the
 * drivers is not the same. For instance, when TSO is enabled, the IPv6
 * payload length must not be included in the packet.
 *
 * When ol_flags is 0, it computes the standard pseudo-header checksum.
 *
 * @param ipv6_hdr
 *   The pointer to the contiguous IPv6 header.
 * @param ol_flags
 *   The ol_flags of the associated mbuf.
 * @return
 *   The non-complemented checksum to set in the L4 header.
 */
static inline uint16_t
rte_ipv6_phdr_cksum(const struct ipv6_hdr *ipv6_hdr, uint64_t ol_flags)
{
	uint32_t sum;
	struct {
		uint32_t len;   /* L4 length. */
		uint32_t proto; /* L4 protocol - top 3 bytes must be zero */
	} psd_hdr;

	psd_hdr.proto = (ipv6_hdr->proto << 24);
	if (ol_flags & PKT_TX_TCP_SEG) {
		psd_hdr.len = 0;
	} else {
		psd_hdr.len = ipv6_hdr->payload_len;
	}

	sum = __rte_raw_cksum(ipv6_hdr->src_addr,
		sizeof(ipv6_hdr->src_addr) + sizeof(ipv6_hdr->dst_addr),
		0);
	sum = __rte_raw_cksum(&psd_hdr, sizeof(psd_hdr), sum);
	return __rte_raw_cksum_reduce(sum);
}

/**
 * Process the IPv6 UDP or TCP checksum.
 *
 * The IPv4 header should not contains options. The layer 4 checksum
 * must be set to 0 in the packet by the caller.
 *
 * @param ipv6_hdr
 *   The pointer to the contiguous IPv6 header.
 * @param l4_hdr
 *   The pointer to the beginning of the L4 header.
 * @return
 *   The complemented checksum to set in the IP packet.
 */
static inline uint16_t
rte_ipv6_udptcp_cksum(const struct ipv6_hdr *ipv6_hdr, const void *l4_hdr)
{
	uint32_t cksum;
	uint32_t l4_len;

	l4_len = rte_be_to_cpu_16(ipv6_hdr->payload_len);

	cksum = rte_raw_cksum(l4_hdr, l4_len);
	cksum += rte_ipv6_phdr_cksum(ipv6_hdr, 0);

	cksum = ((cksum & 0xffff0000) >> 16) + (cksum & 0xffff);
	cksum = (~cksum) & 0xffff;
	if (cksum == 0)
		cksum = 0xffff;

	return cksum;
}

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* _RTE_IP_H_ */