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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
 * Copyright 2016 NXP
 */

#ifndef _RTE_BUS_H_
#define _RTE_BUS_H_

/**
 * @file
 *
 * DPDK device bus interface
 *
 * This file exposes API and interfaces for bus abstraction
 * over the devices and drivers in EAL.
 */

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>

#include <rte_log.h>
#include <rte_dev.h>

/** Double linked list of buses */
TAILQ_HEAD(rte_bus_list, rte_bus);


/**
 * IOVA mapping mode.
 *
 * IOVA mapping mode is iommu programming mode of a device.
 * That device (for example: IOMMU backed DMA device) based
 * on rte_iova_mode will generate physical or virtual address.
 *
 */
enum rte_iova_mode {
	RTE_IOVA_DC = 0,	/* Don't care mode */
	RTE_IOVA_PA = (1 << 0), /* DMA using physical address */
	RTE_IOVA_VA = (1 << 1)  /* DMA using virtual address */
};

/**
 * Bus specific scan for devices attached on the bus.
 * For each bus object, the scan would be responsible for finding devices and
 * adding them to its private device list.
 *
 * A bus should mandatorily implement this method.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 for successful scan
 *	<0 for unsuccessful scan with error value
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_scan_t)(void);

/**
 * Implementation specific probe function which is responsible for linking
 * devices on that bus with applicable drivers.
 *
 * This is called while iterating over each registered bus.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 for successful probe
 *	!0 for any error while probing
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_probe_t)(void);

/**
 * Device iterator to find a device on a bus.
 *
 * This function returns an rte_device if one of those held by the bus
 * matches the data passed as parameter.
 *
 * If the comparison function returns zero this function should stop iterating
 * over any more devices. To continue a search the device of a previous search
 * can be passed via the start parameter.
 *
 * @param cmp
 *	Comparison function.
 *
 * @param data
 *	Data to compare each device against.
 *
 * @param start
 *	starting point for the iteration
 *
 * @return
 *	The first device matching the data, NULL if none exists.
 */
typedef struct rte_device *
(*rte_bus_find_device_t)(const struct rte_device *start, rte_dev_cmp_t cmp,
			 const void *data);

/**
 * Implementation specific probe function which is responsible for linking
 * devices on that bus with applicable drivers.
 *
 * @param dev
 *	Device pointer that was returned by a previous call to find_device.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 on success.
 *	!0 on error.
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_plug_t)(struct rte_device *dev);

/**
 * Implementation specific remove function which is responsible for unlinking
 * devices on that bus from assigned driver.
 *
 * @param dev
 *	Device pointer that was returned by a previous call to find_device.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 on success.
 *	!0 on error.
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_unplug_t)(struct rte_device *dev);

/**
 * Bus specific parsing function.
 * Validates the syntax used in the textual representation of a device,
 * If the syntax is valid and ``addr`` is not NULL, writes the bus-specific
 * device representation to ``addr``.
 *
 * @param[in] name
 *	device textual description
 *
 * @param[out] addr
 *	device information location address, into which parsed info
 *	should be written. If NULL, nothing should be written, which
 *	is not an error.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 if parsing was successful.
 *	!0 for any error.
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_parse_t)(const char *name, void *addr);

/**
 * Device level DMA map function.
 * After a successful call, the memory segment will be mapped to the
 * given device.
 *
 * @param dev
 *	Device pointer.
 * @param addr
 *	Virtual address to map.
 * @param iova
 *	IOVA address to map.
 * @param len
 *	Length of the memory segment being mapped.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 if mapping was successful.
 *	Negative value and rte_errno is set otherwise.
 */
typedef int (*rte_dev_dma_map_t)(struct rte_device *dev, void *addr,
				  uint64_t iova, size_t len);

/**
 * Device level DMA unmap function.
 * After a successful call, the memory segment will no longer be
 * accessible by the given device.
 *
 * @param dev
 *	Device pointer.
 * @param addr
 *	Virtual address to unmap.
 * @param iova
 *	IOVA address to unmap.
 * @param len
 *	Length of the memory segment being mapped.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 if un-mapping was successful.
 *	Negative value and rte_errno is set otherwise.
 */
typedef int (*rte_dev_dma_unmap_t)(struct rte_device *dev, void *addr,
				   uint64_t iova, size_t len);

/**
 * Implement a specific hot-unplug handler, which is responsible for
 * handle the failure when device be hot-unplugged. When the event of
 * hot-unplug be detected, it could call this function to handle
 * the hot-unplug failure and avoid app crash.
 * @param dev
 *	Pointer of the device structure.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 on success.
 *	!0 on error.
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_hot_unplug_handler_t)(struct rte_device *dev);

/**
 * Implement a specific sigbus handler, which is responsible for handling
 * the sigbus error which is either original memory error, or specific memory
 * error that caused of device be hot-unplugged. When sigbus error be captured,
 * it could call this function to handle sigbus error.
 * @param failure_addr
 *	Pointer of the fault address of the sigbus error.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 for success handle the sigbus for hot-unplug.
 *	1 for not process it, because it is a generic sigbus error.
 *	-1 for failed to handle the sigbus for hot-unplug.
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_sigbus_handler_t)(const void *failure_addr);

/**
 * Bus scan policies
 */
enum rte_bus_scan_mode {
	RTE_BUS_SCAN_UNDEFINED,
	RTE_BUS_SCAN_ALLOWLIST,
	RTE_BUS_SCAN_BLOCKLIST,
};

/* Backwards compatibility will be removed */
#define RTE_BUS_SCAN_WHITELIST \
	RTE_DEPRECATED(RTE_BUS_SCAN_WHITELIST) RTE_BUS_SCAN_ALLOWLIST
#define RTE_BUS_SCAN_BLACKLIST \
	RTE_DEPRECATED(RTE_BUS_SCAN_BLACKLIST) RTE_BUS_SCAN_BLOCKLIST

/**
 * A structure used to configure bus operations.
 */
struct rte_bus_conf {
	enum rte_bus_scan_mode scan_mode; /**< Scan policy. */
};


/**
 * Get common iommu class of the all the devices on the bus. The bus may
 * check that those devices are attached to iommu driver.
 * If no devices are attached to the bus. The bus may return with don't care
 * (_DC) value.
 * Otherwise, The bus will return appropriate _pa or _va iova mode.
 *
 * @return
 *      enum rte_iova_mode value.
 */
typedef enum rte_iova_mode (*rte_bus_get_iommu_class_t)(void);


/**
 * A structure describing a generic bus.
 */
struct rte_bus {
	TAILQ_ENTRY(rte_bus) next;   /**< Next bus object in linked list */
	const char *name;            /**< Name of the bus */
	rte_bus_scan_t scan;         /**< Scan for devices attached to bus */
	rte_bus_probe_t probe;       /**< Probe devices on bus */
	rte_bus_find_device_t find_device; /**< Find a device on the bus */
	rte_bus_plug_t plug;         /**< Probe single device for drivers */
	rte_bus_unplug_t unplug;     /**< Remove single device from driver */
	rte_bus_parse_t parse;       /**< Parse a device name */
	rte_dev_dma_map_t dma_map;   /**< DMA map for device in the bus */
	rte_dev_dma_unmap_t dma_unmap; /**< DMA unmap for device in the bus */
	struct rte_bus_conf conf;    /**< Bus configuration */
	rte_bus_get_iommu_class_t get_iommu_class; /**< Get iommu class */
	rte_dev_iterate_t dev_iterate; /**< Device iterator. */
	rte_bus_hot_unplug_handler_t hot_unplug_handler;
				/**< handle hot-unplug failure on the bus */
	rte_bus_sigbus_handler_t sigbus_handler;
					/**< handle sigbus error on the bus */

};

/**
 * Register a Bus handler.
 *
 * @param bus
 *   A pointer to a rte_bus structure describing the bus
 *   to be registered.
 */
void rte_bus_register(struct rte_bus *bus);

/**
 * Unregister a Bus handler.
 *
 * @param bus
 *   A pointer to a rte_bus structure describing the bus
 *   to be unregistered.
 */
void rte_bus_unregister(struct rte_bus *bus);

/**
 * Scan all the buses.
 *
 * @return
 *   0 in case of success in scanning all buses
 *  !0 in case of failure to scan
 */
int rte_bus_scan(void);

/**
 * For each device on the buses, perform a driver 'match' and call the
 * driver-specific probe for device initialization.
 *
 * @return
 *	 0 for successful match/probe
 *	!0 otherwise
 */
int rte_bus_probe(void);

/**
 * Dump information of all the buses registered with EAL.
 *
 * @param f
 *	 A valid and open output stream handle
 */
void rte_bus_dump(FILE *f);

/**
 * Bus comparison function.
 *
 * @param bus
 *	Bus under test.
 *
 * @param data
 *	Data to compare against.
 *
 * @return
 *	0 if the bus matches the data.
 *	!0 if the bus does not match.
 *	<0 if ordering is possible and the bus is lower than the data.
 *	>0 if ordering is possible and the bus is greater than the data.
 */
typedef int (*rte_bus_cmp_t)(const struct rte_bus *bus, const void *data);

/**
 * Bus iterator to find a particular bus.
 *
 * This function compares each registered bus to find one that matches
 * the data passed as parameter.
 *
 * If the comparison function returns zero this function will stop iterating
 * over any more buses. To continue a search the bus of a previous search can
 * be passed via the start parameter.
 *
 * @param start
 *	Starting point for the iteration.
 *
 * @param cmp
 *	Comparison function.
 *
 * @param data
 *	 Data to pass to comparison function.
 *
 * @return
 *	 A pointer to a rte_bus structure or NULL in case no bus matches
 */
struct rte_bus *rte_bus_find(const struct rte_bus *start, rte_bus_cmp_t cmp,
			     const void *data);

/**
 * Find the registered bus for a particular device.
 */
struct rte_bus *rte_bus_find_by_device(const struct rte_device *dev);

/**
 * Find the registered bus for a given name.
 */
struct rte_bus *rte_bus_find_by_name(const char *busname);


/**
 * Get the common iommu class of devices bound on to buses available in the
 * system. RTE_IOVA_DC means that no preference has been expressed.
 *
 * @return
 *     enum rte_iova_mode value.
 */
enum rte_iova_mode rte_bus_get_iommu_class(void);

/**
 * Helper for Bus registration.
 * The constructor has higher priority than PMD constructors.
 */
#define RTE_REGISTER_BUS(nm, bus) \
RTE_INIT_PRIO(businitfn_ ##nm, BUS) \
{\
	(bus).name = RTE_STR(nm);\
	rte_bus_register(&bus); \
}

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* _RTE_BUS_H */